Treat Your
Kidneys Right!

The various functions
of the kidneys

Water balance

The kidneys regulate the body’s fluid and mineral balance

Formation of red blood cells

The kidneys produce the hormone erythropoietin, which stimulates the formation of red blood cells, and therefore regulates the oxygen levels in the blood.

Blood pressure regulation

Renin, an enzyme that is important for regulating blood pressure, is formed in the kidneys.

Acid-base balance

The kidneys maintain the acid-base balance – the pH level of the blood should fluctuate only to a very small extent.

Bone stability

The kidneys influence calcium levels and play a key part in the formation of vitamin D, which helps to ensure the structural stability of bones.

Removal of toxins

The kidneys excrete waste products (such as urea, uric acid and creatine), toxins and pharmaceutical residues.
Test your knowledge

How many kidneys do
people normally have?

What is a human kidney
roughly equivalent to in size?

Where are the kidneys situated
in the human body?

How many liters of blood do
the kidneys filter each day?

What functions do the
kidneys perform?

Approximately how many liters of urine
do healthy kidneys produce each day?

What are the most common causes
of chronic kidney disease?

What are the treatment options
for chronic kidney failure?

How many people worldwide
regularly undergo dialysis treatment?

What risks should be avoided
to preserve the kidneys’ function?

How can you protect
your kidneys?

How many dialysis patients are there
likely to be worldwide in 2020?

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